Book Club Talk: Italians in California

(Author’s Note: Through Facetime, I joined a Book Club outside San Francisco, answered questions about Birds of Passage, and spoke about early Italian immigrant history including California.) After gold was discovered in 1849, the first Italian immigrants left northern Italy, and settled in the Mother Lode near Sacramento. Domenico Ghirardelli was a Genoa confectioner’s apprentice.…

Book Club Talk: Italians on the Iron Range

(Author’s Note: Through Facetime, I joined a Book Club in Minneapolis-St. Paul, answered questions about Birds of Passage, and spoke about Italian immigrant history including Minnesota.) The Minnesota Iron Range, Vermilion, Mesabi, and Cuyuna mines, produced the majority of the iron ore in the United States. from 1900 to 1980. By 1920, the Iron Range…